April Pest of the Month-Termites

TermitesSub-Termites

Common Name: Termite – Formosan termite
Latin Name: Coptotermes formosanus
Common Family Name: Subterranean t2ermites
Latin Family Name: Rhinotermitidae

 

 

Origin: Asian in origin, and now found in the United States as a severe pest in Hawaii, Florida and Louisiana as well as other Gulf Coast states, and a lingering population near San Diego, California has existed for a number of years.

thesearetermitesimageBiology: This is one of the most destructive termites worldwide, due in part to the enormous colony size, which may be hundreds of thousands of workers. A single colony may forage over a radius of several hundred feet. While these are “subterranean” termites it is common to find aerial nests with no ground connection, as the colony is able to find moisture and building materials in buildings. They construct a very hard matrix called “carton” in which to live, made from cellulose and saliva. Swarming is in early evening, usually following rainfall, and alates are attracted to lights in large numbers.

Ant-Termite

 

Identification: A lot of the time termites can be confused for winged ants.  However, there are some distinct characteristics that set them apart from one another. Termite wings have many short hairs on them, and two thickened veins run parallel to each other at the forward edge, from the base to the tip. The antenna is composed of more than 18 segments. Soldiers are present in a higher proportion in these colonies. They have a pair of jaws which have no teeth along their inner margin, and the tips of the jaws cross over each other. The head capsule is teardrop shaped.

 

 

Characteristics Important in Control: Aerial colonies may need to be controlled with fumigation of the structure. Soil nesting colonies are controlled with soil pretreatments and with post-construction applications of residual insecticides. Bait products also have provided highly effective results, possibly leading to the elimination of entire colonies. Control of excessive moisture situations within structures will reduce the attraction to the termites.

Reference: https://pestid.univares.com

June’s Pest of the Month| Earwigs

 Earwigs, “Pincher Bug”

2901162091_e76c3ba782_zCommon Name: Earwig – European Earwig
Latin Name: Forficula auricularia
Common Family Name: Earwigs
Latin Family Name: DermapteraOther Names: Pincher bugsOrigin: Probably from Europe or Asia, but this species is now found throughout the world. It was first found in the U.S. around 1907 near Seattle, Washington.

Biology: One of about 7 species of pest earwigs in the U.S., the European Earwig is the most common. It has a simple life cycle, requiring 3 to 5 months to go from egg to adult, depending on temperatures. Adults generally live only about one year. Adults are capable of some flight. Earwigs feed primarily on plant material, but also are predators on many other insects.

Identification: Earwigs are most easily identified by the strong “pincers” at the hind end, as modifications of their cerci. These are used for defense, food capture, and some other uses. Wings on adults consist of the hind pair used for flight, and a very short front pair used as a cover for the folded hind wings. The European Earwig is distinguished from other U.S. species by having the second tarsal segment elongated under the first segment.earwig-mothers-parental-care_25412

Characteristics Important in Control: Reduction of exterior harborage sites is vital, such as lumber or firewood piles, yard debris, or other unnecessary piled materials on the soil. Control of moisture also reduces the favorable habitats for earwigs. Granular insect baits are accepted in exterior locations, and pyrethroid insecticide applications will intercept wandering earwigs along pathways and around foundations.

Source: http://pestweb.com/pests

Bed Bug Questions, Answered

 

It’s bed bug awareness week | And if you’ve got questions? We’ve got answers!

 

Q: What are some of the most common places to get bed bugs??
A: Well bed bugs can come from anywhere. But some of the most common places they are found are (but not limited to):
  1. Hotels
  2. Public Transportation
  3. Movie Theaters
  4. Retail Stores
  5. Medical Facilities
  6. Home
  7. Friends’ Home
  8. Work Place
Q: Are bed bugs more attracted to dirty homes?
A: No. This is a common and incorrect stigma. Sanitary conditions DO NOT affect the ability to get bed bugs or add any kind of attractive factor when it comes to them. Anyone can get them, regardless of sanitation.
Q: Years ago I rarely ever heard about bed bugs, why does it seem like they’re everywhere now?
A: There are a lot of factors that play a role in bed bug population, but a lot of it has to do with the increase of travel. Years ago people weren’t as likely to just hop on a plane and head overseas for vacation or across the country hitting up a hotel after hotel. Also there has been a significant increase in college education. Now more teenagers pack up their stuff and head into dorm rooms and study abroad programs all over the world.
To add to the interaction between people and places, the bed bugs themselves have become adaptive to many pest control products. The University of Kentucky released a study on bed bugs proving that their genes have developed a resistance to pesticides alone…
The Scientific American reported, “The high number of resistance genes in all populations examined by Palli and his colleagues is ‘horrifying,’ says Rajeev Vaidyanathan, an associate director of vector biology in the Center for Immunology and Infectious Disease at SRI International, who was not involved in the study. That the bugs have multiple ways of undermining the effects of pesticides is ‘devastating,’ he adds.
Q: I did my research and the internet has a lot of “do it yourself” ways to get rid of bed bugs, do any of them work?
A: This is not a pin it on Pinterest kind of ordeal… if you have bed bugs, you have a serious problem. The longer you wait, the worse the infestation is going to get. We’ve heard it all…dryer sheets, rubbing alcohol, garlic, kerosene heaters, over the counter sprays, and even complete clean outs. The truth is, the only proven and effective way to remove bed bugs is by a professional who offers heat treatment. There are certain steps you  could do to help your situation: wash clothing and linens in hot water and dry on high in your dryer, use a steam cleaner or hairdryer for shoes and other non-washable items to stop from spreading the eggs, and stay out/off infested areas within your home. Bed bugs, like stated before, are resistant to certain professional products, but heating a facility with the proper equipment and at the right temperature is the most proven method to remove and rid your home of these pests. This is not a DIY project; this is a call a professional matter.
Q: My couch has bed bugs, should I just throw it out? Will it get rid of my problem?
A: No. We realize that everyone’s first instinct would be to remove the item that is infested. It seems simple: remove the couch and then the bed bugs go with it. However, doing that has the opposite effect. When you take that couch or mattress through your home to throw it out, those bed bugs go everywhere but ‘out’. By doing that you are now spreading them and their eggs throughout your home. They could now be on the carpeting, the walls, the stairs, the legs of your pants and the bottoms of your shoes. Keep the item in your home, heat treatments now allow us to kill the bed bugs without removing all your belongings.
Q: My husband has bites but I don’t. How are these marks from bed bugs when we both sleep in the same bed?
A: This is a common occurrence and is often a misdiagnosis when it comes to bed bugs. In these situations the bit marks are actually misconstrued for a rash. The truth is that two people can sleep in a bed with bedbugs and only one will be visually bitten. Those who are visually bitten are actually having an allergic reaction to the anesthetic injected by the bed bug. You see, when bed bugs bite, they inject an anesthetic and an anticoagulant (blood clotting deterrent) that prevents a person from realizing they are being bitten. Most people do not realize they have been bitten until bite marks appear anywhere from one to several days after the initial bite. Some people never develop any sign of being bitten at all.
Q:I have pets, can they get bit?
A: Bed bugs prefer to bite people and will not seek out animals unless a human host cannot be found. Pet bedding and fur can carry bed bugs, but they will travel to humans to actually feed.
Q: Can bed bugs carry diseases?
A:Bed bugs should not be considered as a medical or public health hazard. Bed bugs are not known to spread disease. Bed bugs can be an annoyance because their presence may cause itching and loss of sleep along with allergic reactions.

 

Remember, Seitz Brothers always offers free estimates and provides the most advanced heat treatment to eliminate bed bugs. If you think you’re having an issue with bed bugs, call us today for information or to set up an estimate. If you have any other questions regarding bed bugs, please don’t hesitate to call your local office, we’d be happy help!