Pest of the year!

2016 Pest of the Year!

Pest Control, Bed Bug

When it comes to bed bugs, there are many myths and theories out there, but here are some helpful tips of what to do and more importantly what not to do in the case of bed bugs..

 

Do:
• Get a bed bug inspection as soon as you suspect a problem!

• Save any bugs you find. Several bugs are commonly mistaken for bed bugs including young cockroaches, ticks and carpet beetles.

• Contact your landlord or property manager if you live in an apartment building and advise them of the problem.

• Use caution when buying or acquiring used furniture, TVs, electronics, clothing, boxes, etc. These items may be infested with bed bugs. If you must take them, inspect items for signs of infestation carefully. Wash or heat treat clothing, bedding, etc. before storing them with your personal belongings.

• Eliminate clutter, especially in the bedrooms. Piles of laundry, newspapers, magazines, junk, etc. Seal discarded items in plastic bags before removing them from the infested area and dispose of them immediately in the outdoor trash.

• Tightly seal any items that you are moving out of the infested area in plastic garbage bags. Before you take anything out of the infested area (to the trash or to be laundered or otherwise treated), make sure it is tightly sealed in plastic to avoid dropping bed bugs and eggs and spreading the infestation.

• Wash, dry and store clothing, bedding, linens and other items and keep them out of the infested area until all treatments are completed.begbugmattressexample

Don’t:
• Don’t throw away your bed, furniture clothes and other personal belongings unless instructed to by your pest control professional. These items can often be treated, saving you a great deal of money.

• Don’t move because of bed bugs. If your home is infested, so are your belongings, you will just carry the problem to a new location.

• Don’t pick up beds, furniture or other items put out for trash collection. These items may have been discarded because of a bed bug infestation.

• Don’t attempt to treat bed bugs on your own. The National Pest Management Agency (NPMA) states, “This is not a pest that can be controlled with do-it-yourself measures.” The NPMA also declared the bed bug the most difficult indoor pest to control, even for professional pest managers.

• Don’t use outdoor pesticides indoors to try to treat bedbugs. These pesticides can cause serious health problems and even death when not used in accordance with their labels.

• Do not use rubbing alcohol, lawn and garden chemicals and other flammable materials to treat bed bugs. These products are being implicated in house fires around the country.

• Do not use foggers or bug bombs to treat bed bugs. They don’t work and they chase bed bugs into other areas of the structure, making treatment more difficult and expensive.

 

Most importantly, if you’re having an issue with bed bugs, call us for a free estimate today!

November Pest of the Month Mice

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Common Name: Rodent – House mouse
Latin Name: Mus musculus
Common Family Name: Rats and mice
Latin Family Name: Muridae

 

Origin: This species originated in Eastern Asia in arid grasslands, allowing it to evolve the ability to survive without needing frequent water. It now occurs throughout the world.

Biology: The House Mouse is sexually mature at 2 months old, has a gestation period of only 3 weeks, and averages 5 to 8 young per litter, but potentially up to 15. Each female may give birth to 8 litters. The life span can be from 2 to 3 years. The House Mouse is a nibbler, consuming small quantities of food at many feedings. They are “curious”, and tend to investigate new objects that are placed in their environment. Favored foods may be grains, dried fruits, nuts, and sweet materials.They are known reservoirs of diseases such as rickettsial pox (mites), typhus (fleas), and filth problems with Salmonella, tapeworm, roundworm, and other parasites.

 

baby mice

Identification: Adults remain small, less than 7 inches long from tip of nose to tip of tail. They have  hairless, scaly tails that separate them from meadow or deer mice, and ears relatively bare of hairs. A young rat looks similar to the House Mouse, but the rat has feet and eyes that are disproportionately large in comparison with  its head and body.                              

Characteristics Important in Control: The full complement of traps and baits are effective on mice. Exclusion should consider closing any openings as wide as ¼ inch, along with elimination of any harborage sites that are not needed, such as waste piles, packing boxes, wood piles, or heavy outside vegetation.

http://www.seitzbrothers.com/2707/

October Pest of the Month- Stink Bugs

stink-bug-babies

Recently hatched stink bugs on our office window!

Common Name: Stink Bug

Family Name: Pentatomidae

Description: Adult stink bugs are ½ to ¾ inch long and are shaped like a shield. Their upper body and lower body are both the same color of brownish green. Eggs are tiny and barrel shaped. The babies, Nymphs, are similar to the adults but smaller in size.

Biology: In early fall, adults begin to seek shelter for the winter months. They will emerge in late spring when the weather reaches 70 and up. They then mate and deposit eggs throughout the summer months.  Eggs are attached to many different surfaces (See picture of eggs on Seitz Brothers window).  However they are most often found under leaves. A single female can lay up to 400 eggs. Eggs hatch within a week, and they are adults within 5 weeks. Population is generally at its peak in the fall months.

stink-bug-chartHabits: Stink bugs prefer to eat a variety of plants. The stink bug was recently introduced into the United States with the first siting in Allentown, Pa in 1998. The stink bug has become a real threat to agriculture. This pest is best known to a homeowner as the annoying pest. They are found either flying around the exterior of homes or throughout the cracks and crevices inside. Their name comes from the odor that is emitted from the scent glands when the bug is crushed.

 

stinkbug-window

Control: The best way to control them on the inside of your home is to make sure all holes are closed up. Once they find their way indoors you can either get rid of them yourself or call Seitz Brothers!

June’s Pest of the Month| Earwigs

 Earwigs, “Pincher Bug”

2901162091_e76c3ba782_zCommon Name: Earwig – European Earwig
Latin Name: Forficula auricularia
Common Family Name: Earwigs
Latin Family Name: Dermaptera

Other Names: Pincher bugs

 

Origin: Probably from Europe or Asia, but this species is now found throughout the world. It was first found in the U.S. around 1907 near Seattle, Washington.

 

Biology: One of about 7 species of pest earwigs in the U.S., the European Earwig is the most common. It has a simple life cycle, requiring 3 to 5 months to go from egg to adult, depending on temperatures. Adults generally live only about one year. Adults are capable of some flight. Earwigs feed primarily on plant material, but also are predators on many other insects.

Identification: Earwigs are most easily identified by the strong “pincers” at the hind end, as modifications of their cerci. These are used for defense, food capture, and some other uses. Wings on adults consist of the hind pair used for flight, and a very short front pair used as a cover for the folded hind wings. The European Earwig is distinguished from other U.S. species by having the second tarsal segment elongated under the first segment.earwig-mothers-parental-care_25412

Characteristics Important in Control: Reduction of exterior harborage sites is vital, such as lumber or firewood piles, yard debris, or other unnecessary piled materials on the soil. Control of moisture also reduces the favorable habitats for earwigs. Granular insect baits are accepted in exterior locations, and pyrethroid insecticide applications will intercept wandering earwigs along pathways and around foundations.

Source: http://pestweb.com/pests

May Pest of the Month

 

May Pest of the Month


Carpenter Ants

Common Name: Ant – Carpenter ant
Latin Name: Camponotus
Common Family Name: Ants
Latin Family Name: Formicidae

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter Ant

 

Origin: Many species of these ants are native to North America, with several species seemingly the most likely to invade structural wood members. There are many destructive species in the Pacific Northwest states, as well as from Florida to the northeast to the southwest and in Hawaii.

Biology: The usual habitat of a colony of carpenter ants is within wood, often wood buried or partially buried in the soil. They also commonly establish “satellite” colonies that may be in a structure, maintaining contact between the two colonies with the workers who travel to and from over well-defined trails. Generally there is a single queen in the colony but often supplementary queens as well. Colonies typically are around 15,000 workers when mature, but potentially could be over 100,000 workers. Foods are both carbohydrates and protein, with insects a major part of the diet. These are single-node ants without a stinger, although they are capable of biting. As they expand their colony they eject “frass”, which is wood chips and other debris such as leftover insect parts. This frass is often seen in structures before the ants are, as they are primarily nocturnal in habit. Carpenter ants are also typically polymorphic, with various sizes of workers in the colony.

Carpenter ants come in many shapes and sizes and are often mistaken for termites.

Carpenter ants come in many shapes and sizes and are often mistaken for termites.

 

 Identification: Worker ants are easily identified to the genus Camponotus by the single, large node and the evenly rounded profile of the top of the thorax. It has no dips or spines on it, but is an even, curved line from front to back. There is a circular fringe of hairs around the anal opening and the antennae have 12 segments. Colors range from tan to black to reddish to orange to black/red combinations. Workers vary from 6 to 13 mm in length.

Characteristics Important in Control: Finding and treating directly into the nest with a residual insecticide will result in effective kill of the ants there, and a dust insecticide may be most effective. Satellite colonies in structures may be treated directly, or with applications into voids the ants travel through. Bait products seem to be accepted readily as well. Reduction of excessive moisture in the structure and removal of unnecessary wood materials outdoors will reduce the attraction of an area.

 

Source: Pest Web

April Pest of the Month

 

TermitesSub-Termites

Common Name: Termite – Formosan termite
Latin Name: Coptotermes formosanus
Common Family Name: Subterranean t2ermites
Latin Family Name: Rhinotermitidae

 

 

Origin: Asian in origin, and now found in the United States as a severe pest in Hawaii, Florida and Louisiana as well as other Gulf Coast states, and a lingering population near San Diego, California has existed for a number of years.

thesearetermitesimageBiology: This is one of the most destructive termites worldwide, due in part to the enormous colony size, which may be hundreds of thousands of workers. A single colony may forage over a radius of several hundred feet. While these are “subterranean” termites it is common to find aerial nests with no ground connection, as the colony is able to find moisture and building materials in buildings. They construct a very hard matrix called “carton” in which to live, made from cellulose and saliva. Swarming is in early evening, usually following rainfall, and alates are attracted to lights in large numbers.

Ant-Termite

 

Identification: A lot of the time termites can be confused for winged ants.  However, there are some distinct characteristics that set them apart from one another. Termite wings have many short hairs on them, and two thickened veins run parallel to each other at the forward edge, from the base to the tip. The antenna is composed of more than 18 segments. Soldiers are present in a higher proportion in these colonies. They have a pair of jaws which have no teeth along their inner margin, and the tips of the jaws cross over each other. The head capsule is teardrop shaped.

 

 

Characteristics Important in Control: Aerial colonies may need to be controlled with fumigation of the structure. Soil nesting colonies are controlled with soil pretreatments and with post-construction applications of residual insecticides. Bait products also have provided highly effective results, possibly leading to the elimination of entire colonies. Control of excessive moisture situations within structures will reduce the attraction to the termites.

Reference: https://pestid.univares.com

March Pest of the Month

The Clover Mite

RedThis month’s pest is the clover mite. These mites will start to show up as the weather gets a little warmer and the plant life gets a little greener. Our pest control service can take care of these little guys and any other pests that start popping up as the snow melts and the sun starts to shine!  

Scale of a clover mite

Scale of a clover mite

 

Common Name: Mite – Clover mite
Latin Name: Bryobia praetiosa
Common Family Name: Prostigmatic mites
Latin Family Name: Tetranychidae

Origin: This pest is a native species of mite in North America.

Biology: The mites in this family are primarily plant parasites, and many of them are serious pests of crops and ornamentals. The clover mite feeds on many kinds of trees, shrubs, bedding plants and turf, but does not bite humans. It becomes a problem when it invades structures in large numbers, especially during warm periods of the year. When crushed they leave small red stains on the surface. No male clover mites have been found, with females reproducing by parthenogenesis. Reproduction is rapid, with hundreds of thousands of mites being produced in a very short time. Eggs are laid in cracks on almost any surface, including trees and the outside of buildings. All stages of the mites may overwinter, although the egg stage is the most common.

mite

Identification: The clover mites are easily distinguished from other mites by the relatively large size – 1 mm – very round, red body, and extremely long front legs that are held directly out to the front.

Characteristics Important in Control: Inside invasions can be controlled by vacuuming or applications of a residual pyrethroid insecticide. However, due to the staining potential of these mites indoors it is better to prevent entry. Reduction of their populations outside can be done with applications of a labeled product on the infested foliage, as well as with perimeter applications around the exterior of a building to intercept migrating mites. Maintaining a strip of bare ground, without vegetation, around the perimeter of a building also helps to discourage their presence near the structure.

 

Reference: https://pestid.univares.com

Zika Virus- “Let our family PROTECT your family”

pregnant women

“In addition to the illness associated with the virus, there is great concern about the virus’ potential effect in pregnant women as there is mounting evidence of a link to microcephaly, a congenital condition associated with incomplete brain development in infants.”

Zika Virus in the U.S.

 

Background

Zika virus: a disease causing pathogen spread to humans through mosquito bites, being found in the U.S. is quickly gaining momentum and receiving national attention from the media as human cases are being confirmed in states across the country, including FL, TX, NY, NJ and more.
Zika baby

10 Essential Facts about the Zika Virus

1. The Zika virus is carried by mosquitoes and people BUT spread by mosquitos!

2.Symptoms of Zika Virus infection are usually mild (Joint pain, headache, pain behind the eyes, itchy red eyes)

3.Unborn babies are most at risk from Zika virus complications.

4. There’s no vaccine to protect against the Zika virus.

5. Zika began in Africa and spread Rapidly.

6. Zika has reached Puerto Rico’s mosquitoes and map keep traveling north.

7. All U.S. cases of the Zika virus disease are travel-related.

8. Travelers probably won’t bring the infected mosquitoes home with them.

9.  You can prevent Zika infection by using the insect repellents when traveling.

10. Mosquito control can help prevent Zika,

How can I prevent mosquitoes?

Seitz Brothers offers a program to help prevent mosquitoes! We come to your home and spray the perimeter and all the landscaping once a month. This service is $55.00+ tax per month (price may vary for larger properties)

Mention this article and get 10% off each service!

PLEASE NOTE: We are NOT experts in discussing the virus, nor can we speculate on its potential to spread.


 

Source: NPMA, Everydayhealth.com

February Pest of the Month

Snow Fleas- Springtails


Common Name: Springtail/Snow fleas
Latin Name: Many species in several different genera.
Common Family Name: Springtails
Latin Family Name: Collembola

Other Names: Snow fleas, jumping springtailssnow flea penny

Origin: These are primarily native insects in North America, and occur nearly everywhere.

Biology: Springtails are tiny insects that occur most often in damp locations, where they feed on algae, fungi, and decaying plant materials. They become active in early spring and may be seen on snow cover, where they derive their mistaken identity as snow “fleas”. In structures their presence may indicate excessive moisture conditions in walls or crawl spaces, under sinks, or around indoor plants. They appear to be drawn to water, and commonly will appear in vast numbers on the surface of swimming pools, seemingly overnight. The name “springtail” is given due to a sharp projection at the tail end, called a furcula, which may be snapped down onto the surface they are on to allow them to spring into the air for sudden movement. This can be felt if it occurs on human skin, giving the impression that a person was just bitten by something that cannot be seen. In reality, springtails are completely harmless to humans, although allergies and dermatitis have been reported in some people sensitive to their presence.

Identification: Springtails are usually less than 2 mm long, and colors range from black to silvery gray, depending on the species. The distinctive character is the furcula attached to the tip of the abdomen, facing forward or backward depending on the species. A common structure-invading group is in the genus Entomobrya, and these also have very long, 3-segmented antennae and hairy bodies. Magnification will be needed to see all these characters.

Characteristics Important in Control: Control of moisture sources is critical, and within structures the presence of large numbers of springtails may be considered a sign that a moisture problem exists. Since these are primarily outdoor insects they can be prevented by reduction of moisture, removal of mulch or other decaying vegetation, and possibly with an application of a residual insecticide.snow flea

January Pest of the Month

Spiders- Cellar spider aka Daddy Long Legs


 

daddy long leg

Cellar Spider aka Daddy Long Leg

Common Name: Spider – Cellar spider
Latin Name: Pholcus phalangioides
Common Family Name: Long-legged spiders
Latin Family Name: Pholcidae

Origin: Several dozen species of Pholcids are native to North America, with the three species listed above the most common to be found in and on structures.

Biology: The cellar spiders are often called “Daddy Long-legs” due to their very long, thin legs. However, the true Daddy Long-legs is another animal entirely, called the Harvestman. The cellar spiders are incapable of biting humans and are harmless to us and our pets. Their primary crime is the messiness of their webs, which are thin and flimsy but tend to gather dust and floating debris, as well as the remains of the insects the spiders have fed on. Webs typically appear under the eaves of roofs, around porch lights, within garages, and indoors around windows where the light may draw small insects that the spiders feed on. Their long legs make them very clumsy when attempting to walk.They hang upside down on their webs, and when disturbed they will begin to shake and bounce the web noticeably, or they may drop off the web and run to hide. These spiders have been known to feed on black widow spiders. The female creates an egg mass of about a dozen eggs, and holds it in her jaws until the eggs hatch.

Identification: Cellar spiders are easily identified by their extraordinarily long and thin legs, which are attached to their elongate and thin body. The color is a yellowish brown and the legs may be as long as 2 inches. There may be either 6 or 8 eyes, depending on the species, and the outer 3 eyes on either side of the head are arranged in a close triangle.

 

daddy-long-legs3

Characteristics Important in Control: Sweeping of webs to remove them is an important step in cellar spider control,as these spiders do not reuse their own silk, and the webs continue to accumulate. Sweeping is not likely to kill the spiders, but pyrethroid insecticides provide excellent knockdown and control. Reduction of other insects in and around a home will reduce the food available to the spiders, and removal of debris and lumber piles will help to reduce harborage sites. Reduction of outdoor lighting or changing white light bulbs to yellow will help to attract fewer night-flying insects and thus reduce the spider populations.

 

 

 

Reference: pestweb.com